What is the treatment for decompression sickness?
Emergency treatment for decompression sickness involves maintaining blood pressure and administering high-flow oxygen. Fluids also may be given. The person should be placed left side down and if possible the head of the bed tilted down.
What is the treatment for bends?
The main treatment for decompression sickness is time in a hyperbaric chamber. In the chamber, you’re exposed to increasing air pressure, which is like the high pressure underwater. The pressure is then slowly reduced, as though you’re coming up from underwater.
What happens if you don’t treat the bends?
Untreated bends cause damage!
Failure to treat promptly and appropriately may lead to permanent impairment.
Will the bends go away on its own?
In some cases, symptoms may remain mild or even go away by themselves. Often, however, they strengthen in severity until you must seek medical attention, and they may have longer-term repercussions.
Can the bends be cured?
If DCS is suspected, it is treated by hyperbaric oxygen therapy in a recompression chamber. Diagnosis is confirmed by a positive response to the treatment. If treated early, there is a significantly higher chance of successful recovery.
What does a mild case of the bends feel like?
The most common signs and symptoms of the bends include joint pains, fatigue, low back pain, paralysis or numbness of the legs, and weakness or numbness in the arms. Other associated signs and symptoms can include dizziness, confusion, vomiting, ringing in the ears, head or neck pain, and loss of consciousness.
What are bends symptoms?
(Decompression Illness; Caisson Disease; The Bends)
Symptoms can include fatigue and pain in muscles and joints. In the more severe type, symptoms may be similar to those of stroke or can include numbness, tingling, arm or leg weakness, unsteadiness, vertigo (spinning), difficulty breathing, and chest pain.
What to do if you think you have the bends?
Call 911 if the person has any of the following symptoms within an hour of surfacing from a dive:
- Administer CPR, if Necessary.
- Contact Divers Alert Network (DAN]
- Watch for Symptoms if They Didn’t Appear Immediately.
- If Symptoms Appear in the Next Few Hours.
- If Symptoms Appear Later.
- Follow Up.
How do you prevent bends?
Dehydration seems to be a major factor in DCS. Take a day off during a week of diving. By taking a day off midweek, you decrease your nitrogen loading and give your body an opportunity to recover. Increase surface intervals, and decrease no-decompression limits.
Why do they call it the bends?
Decompression sickness (DCS), known as ‘the bends’ because of the associated joint pain, is a potentially deadly condition caused by bubbles of nitrogen gas forming in the blood and tissues. It’s most common among divers using scuba tanks, but can affect free-divers and people at high altitude.